8 Things you probably didn't know about Ancient Egyptians - Mohamed Hakem's Photography

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Philae Temple at night

Philae Temple at night

When we talk about the Ancient Egyptians, what comes in our minds is the greatest civilization of all times. This is true but still a bit undermining, that's because this civilization began 10,000 years Ago! 20 times the age of USA. That means that in the ancient Egyptian Times they also had monuments of their own kind that dates back to thousands of years ago. They were civilized more than we could ever imagine. They had great kings that built governments based on  justice. A government that accepts complaints from a poor peasant complaining from a high priest.

so to go through some of this great civilization, these things you probably didn't know about:

1- Women had rights

Women in ancient Egypt had more rights and privileges than most other women in the ancient world and, in some cases, even more than in the modern world. Among their rights were the right to own property, the right to initiate business deals and the right to divorce. Some women – usually from wealthy families – could also become doctors or priestesses.

from the very know Queens was Hatshepsut, she was also known for her beauty as in the picture.

2- They Knew Mathematics

They knew their maths Further punctuating their role as formidable academics, Egypt is home to the oldest surviving book on mathematics. Penned by the ancient Egyptian scribe Ahmes around 1650 B.C, it’s entitled “The Entrance into the Knowledge of All Existing Things and All Obscure Secrets.”

The ancient Egyptians were also exceedingly smart. They were the first people to have a year consisting of 365 days divided into 12 months – it helped them predict the annual flooding of the Nile. They also invented clocks.

The markings on the wall in the below picture depicts the rise and fall of the nile river, they are positioned there to help in complex mathematical equation that get its inputs from the current nile level and predicts what the flood will be like this year.

The Nilometer

The Nilometer

3- All the temples were painted white and had all pictures on the walls were colored.

the tombs underground in Luxor are painted as if they were painted yesterday

4- The pyramids were not built by slaves.

The life of a pyramid builder certainly wasn’t easy—skeletons of workers commonly show signs of arthritis and other ailments—but evidence suggests that the massive tombs were built not by slaves but by paid laborers. These ancient construction workers were a mix of skilled artisans and temporary hands, and some appear to have taken great pride in their craft. Graffiti found near the monuments suggests they often assigned humorous names to their crews like the “Drunkards of Menkaure” or the “Friends of Khufu.” The idea that slaves built the pyramids at the crack of a whip was first conjured by the Greek historian Herodotus in the fifth century B.C., but most historians now dismiss it as myth. While the ancient Egyptians were certainly not averse to keeping slaves, they appear to have mostly used them as field hands and domestic servants.

the Great Pyramids

5- They Are not named Pharos!!

This is a bit shocking, but yes, Pharaoh is just one king who is not proven to be Egyptian. Pharaoh was mention in the Quran and Holy books as an Evil king at the time of Prophet Moses. Historians believe that this was around 1200BC in the 19th Dynasty. That was 1300 years after the building of the pyramids! at that time the Pyramids were already monuments of the old age. We don't Say Pharaoh Tut or Pharaoh Khufu, we Say King Khufu and King Tut. That is because they were there long before Pharaoh of Moussa (peace be upon him). In That we cannot name all the ancient Egyptians after only one King from the New Age that again wasn't proven to be Egyptian

King Tut, Not Pharaoh Tut :)

6- Nubians Are the Guardians of the Tombs from 10,000 years ago till this day

Nubia was an equally great kingdom that merged into the Egyptian kingdom and became one. Many of the known great kings were Nubians and ruled Egypt Like Hatshipsut

7- Pioneers of the pregnancy test

The oldest known pregnancy test can also claim Egypt as its home. The Berlin Papyrus (c. 1800 B.C.) contains directions for a test involving wetting cereals with urine. If the cereals grew barley, it meant the woman was pregnant with a boy. If they grew wheat, she was pregnant with a girl. And if neither grew, the woman wouldn’t give birth

the same Couple had the child in between in the second picture

8-The ancient Egyptians made one of the earliest peace treaties on record.

Ancient Egyptians were not known to be conquerers, The strong empires tended to extend their borders to defend the Nile not occupy other Cities.

 For over two centuries the Egyptians fought against the Hittite Empire for control of lands in modern day Syria. The conflict gave rise to bloody engagements like 1274 B.C.’s Battle of Kadesh, but by time of the pharaoh Ramses II neither side had emerged as a clear victor. With both the Egyptians and Hittites facing threats from other peoples, in 1259 B.C. Ramses II and the Hittite King Hattusili III negotiated a famous peace treaty. This agreement ended the conflict and decreed that the two kingdoms would aid each other in the event of an invasion by a third party. The Egyptian-Hittite treaty is now recognized as one of the earliest surviving peace accords, and a copy can even be seen above the entrance to the United Nations Security Council Chamber in New York.

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